# My Favorite Ribbed Hat for Straight Needles

This is a very basic k1-p1 ribbed hat with tailored crown. Directions are given for nine sizes. This pattern is written to be made knitted flat and seamed. There is an in-the-round version available here.

**Sizes:
**The circumferences are given for the hat unstretched. It is a very stretchy hat.

Size | Circumference (Inches) | Height (Inches) | Ounces of yarn | Yards of yarn |

Newborn | 8.75 | 6.25 | 1.02 | 47.89 |

6 months | 9.75 | 6.75 | 1.24 | 57.95 |

12 months | 10.5 | 7.5 | 1.47 | 68.97 |

Toddler | 11.5 | 8. | 1.73 | 80.94 |

Child | 12.25 | 8.75 | 2.01 | 93.87 |

Teen | 13.25 | 9.25 | 2.3 | 107.76 |

Small Adult | 14. | 10. | 2.62 | 122.6 |

Medium Adult | 15 | 10.5 | 2.96 | 138.41 |

Large/XL Adult | 16. | 11. | 3.32 | 155.17 |

**Gauge:** 17 stitches and 23 rows = 4 inches in stockinette

**Materials:**

Aran (#4 medium) weight yarn (see chart above for amount)

Size 8 (5 mm) needles

Yarn needle

**Abbreviations:**

k = knit

k3tog = knit three together

p = purl

**s2kp2 **- slip2 (together, knitwise), k1, pass 2 slipped stitches over

**Pattern:**

Amount to cast on for the different sizes:

Newborn = 61

6 months = 67

12 months = 73

Toddler = 79

Child = 85

Teen = 91

Small Adult = 97

Medium Adult = 103

Large/XL Adult = 109

Repeat instructions between * across the row:

**Body:**

Row 1: * k1, p1 *, k1

Row 2: p1, * k1, p1 *

Continue this ribbing pattern until the hat measures as follows for size. Then complete the crown as given per size.

**Newborn Crown:**

Begin crown when body is 5″ high.

Row 1: * k1, p1, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (49 stitches)

Row 2: p1, * k1, p1, k1, p3, k1, p1 * (49 stitches)

Row 3: * k1, p1, s2kp2, p1, k1, p1 *, k1 (37 stitches)

Row 4: p1, * k1, p1 * (37 stitches)

Row 5: * k1, s2kp2, k1, p1 *, k1 (25 stitches)

Row 6: p1, * k1, p3 * (25 stitches)

Row 7: * s2kp2, p1 *, k1 (13 stitches)

**6 Months Crown:**

Begin crown when body is 5.25″ high.

Row 1: * (k1, p1) 7 times, k3tog, p1, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (61 stitches)

Row 2: p1, * k1, p1 * (61 stitches)

Row 3: * k1, p1, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (49 stitches)

Row 4: p1, * k1, p1, k1, p3, k1, p1 * (49 stitches)

Row 5: * k1, p1, s2kp2, p1, k1, p1 *, k1 (37 stitches)

Row 6: p1, * k1, p1 * (37 stitches)

Row 7: * k1, s2kp2, k1, p1 *, k1 (25 stitches)

Row 8: p1, * k1, p3 * (25 stitches)

Row 9: * s2kp2, p1 *, k1 (13 stitches)

**12 Months Crown:**

Begin crown when body is 6″ high.

Row 1: * (k1,p1) 2 times, k3tog, p1, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (61 stitches)

Row 2: p1, * k1, p1 * (61 stitches)

Row 3: * k1, p1, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (49 stitches)

Row 4: p1, * k1, p1, k1, p3, k1, p1 * (49 stitches)

Row 5: * k1, p1, s2kp2, p1, k1, p1 *, k1 (37 stitches)

Row 6: p1, * k1, p1 * (37 stitches)

Row 7: * k1, s2kp2, k1, p1 *, k1 (25 stitches)

Row 8: p1, * k1, p3 * (25 stitches)

Row 9: * s2kp2, p1 *, k1 (13 stitches)

**Toddler Crown:**

Begin crown when body is 6.25″ high.

Row 1: * (k1, p1) 8 times, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 3 times *, k1 (73 stitches)

Row 2: p1, * (k1, p1) 3 times, p2, (k1, p1) 8 times * (73 stitches)

Row 3: * (k1, p1) 2 times, k3tog, p1, (k1, p1) 4 times, s2kp2, p1, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (61 stitches)

Row 4: p1, * k1, p1 * (61 stitches)

Row 5: * k1, p1, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (49 stitches)

Row 6: p1, * k1, p1, k1, p3, k1, p1 * (49 stitches)

Row 7: * k1, p1, s2kp2, p1, k1, p1 *, k1 (37 stitches)

Row 8: p1, * k1, p1 * (37 stitches)

Row 9: * k1, s2kp2, k1, p1 *, k1 (25 stitches)

Row 10: p1, * k1, p3 * (25 stitches)

Row 11: * s2kp2, p1 *, k1 (13 stitches)

**Child Crown:**

Begin crown when body is 7″ high.

Row 1: * (k1, p1) 2 times, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 3 times *, k1 (73 stitches)

Row 2: p1, * (k1, p1) 3 times, p2, (k1, p1) 2 times * (73 stitches)

Row 3: * (k1,p1) 2 times, s2kp2, p1, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (61 stitches)

Row 4: p1, * k1, p1 * (61 stitches)

Row 5: * k1, p1, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (49 stitches)

Row 6: p1, * k1, p1, k1, p3, k1, p1 * (49 stitches)

Row 7: * k1, p1, s2kp2, p1, k1, p1 *, k1 (37 stitches)

Row 8: p1, * k1, p1 * (37 stitches)

Row 9: * k1, s2kp2, k1, p1 *, k1 (25 stitches)

Row 10: p1, * k1, p3 * (25 stitches)

Row 11: * s2kp2, p1 *, k1 (13 stitches)

**Teen Crown:**

Begin crown when body is 7″ high.

Row 1: * (k1, p1) 10 times, k3tog, p1, (k1, p1) 3 times *, k1 (85 stitches)

Row 2: p1, * k1, p1 * (85 stitches)

Row 3: * (k1, p1) 2 times, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 3 times *, k1 (73 stitches)

Row 4: p1, * (k1, p1) 3 times, p2, (k1, p1) 2 times * (73 stitches)

Row 5: * (k1,p1) 2 times, s2kp2, p1, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (61 stitches)

Row 6: p1, * k1, p1 * (61 stitches)

Row 7: * k1, p1, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (49 stitches)

Row 8: p1, * k1, p1, k1, p3, k1, p1 * (49 stitches)

Row 9: * k1, p1, s2kp2, p1, k1, p1 *, k1 (37 stitches)

Row 10: p1, * k1, p1 * (37 stitches)

Row 11: * k1, s2kp2, k1, p1 *, k1 (25 stitches)

Row 12: p1, * k1, p3 * (25 stitches)

Row 13: * s2kp2, p1 *, k1 (13 stitches)

**Small Adult Crown:**

Begin crown when body is 7.75″ high.

Row 1: * (k1, p1) 3 times, k3tog, p1, (k1, p1) 3 times *, k1 (85 stitches)

Row 2: p1, * k1, p1 * (85 stitches)

Row 3: * (k1, p1) 2 times, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 3 times *, k1 (73 stitches)

Row 4: p1, * (k1, p1) 3 times, p2, (k1, p1) 2 times * (73 stitches)

Row 5: * (k1,p1) 2 times, s2kp2, p1, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (61 stitches)

Row 6: p1, * k1, p1 * (61 stitches)

Row 7: * k1, p1, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (49 stitches)

Row 8: p1, * k1, p1, k1, p3, k1, p1 * (49 stitches)

Row 9: * k1, p1, s2kp2, p1, k1, p1 *, k1 (37 stitches)

Row 10: p1, * k1, p1 * (37 stitches)

Row 11: * k1, s2kp2, k1, p1 *, k1 (25 stitches)

Row 12: p1, * k1, p3 * (25 stitches)

Row 13: * s2kp2, p1 *, k1 (13 stitches)

**Medium Adult Crown:**

Begin crown when body is 8″ high.

Row 1: * (k1, p1) 11 times, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 4 times *, k1 (97 stitches)

Row 2: p1, * (k1, p1) 4 times, p2, (k1, p1) 11 times * (97 stitches)

Row 3: * (k1, p1) 3 times, k3tog, p1, (k1, p1) 6 times, s2kp2, p1, (k1, p1) 3 times *, k1 (85 stitches)

Row 4: p1, * k1, p1 * (85 stitches)

Row 5: * (k1, p1) 2 times, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 3 times *, k1 (73 stitches)

Row 6: p1, * (k1, p1) 3 times, p2, (k1, p1) 2 times * (73 stitches)

Row 7: * (k1,p1) 2 times, s2kp2, p1, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (61 stitches)

Row 8: p1, * k1, p1 * (61 stitches)

Row 9: * k1, p1, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (49 stitches)

Row 10: p1, * k1, p1, k1, p3, k1, p1 * (49 stitches)

Row 11: * k1, p1, s2kp2, p1, k1, p1 *, k1 (37 stitches)

Row 12: p1, * k1, p1 * (37 stitches)

Row 13: * k1, s2kp2, k1, p1 *, k1 (25 stitches)

Row 14: p1, * k1, p3 * (25 stitches)

Row 15: * s2kp2, p1 *, k1 (13 stitches)

**Large/XL Adult Crown:**

Begin crown when body is 8.5″ high.

Row 1: * (k1, p1) 3 times, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 4 times *, k1 (97 stitches)

Row 2: p1, * (k1, p1) 4 times, p2, (k1, p1) 3 times (97 stitches)

Row 3: * (k1, p1) 3 times, s2kp2, p1, (k1, p1) 3 times *, k1 (85 stitches)

Row 4: p1, * k1, p1 * (85 stitches)

Row 5: * (k1, p1) 2 times, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 3 times *, k1 (73 stitches)

Row 6: p1, * (k1, p1) 3 times, p2, (k1, p1) 2 times * (73 stitches)

Row 7: * (k1,p1) 2 times, s2kp2, p1, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (61 stitches)

Row 8: p1, * k1, p1 * (61 stitches)

Row 9: * k1, p1, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (49 stitches)

Row 10: p1, * k1, p1, k1, p3, k1, p1 * (49 stitches)

Row 11: * k1, p1, s2kp2, p1, k1, p1 *, k1 (37 stitches)

Row 12: p1, * k1, p1 * (37 stitches)

Row 13: * k1, s2kp2, k1, p1 *, k1 (25 stitches)

Row 14: p1, * k1, p3 * (25 stitches)

Row 15: * s2kp2, p1 *, k1 (13 stitches)

Cut the yarn with several inches to work with. With a yarn needle, pull the yarn through all the remaining loops, secure, seam the side, secure, and weave in end.

Edits:

3/3/16 – Removed the references to rounds.

*Restrictions on the use of this pattern are available at http://stitcheryprojects.com/using-my-patterns/.*

thank you for this pattern I am a beginner so I hope I can do this. I like to give to the local shelter so I want to start making hats.

i have made 30 chemo hats that i have donated.i like to do larger and smaller ones. many thanks.

When completing the crown, in the second line under each size you say “Repeat across the round.” If we are knitting with straight needles, how would it be in the round?

Thanks for catching that. You are correct. That was left over from the in-the-round version of the pattern and doesn’t apply to the straight needle version. You would just repeat the directions between asterisks across each row.

Hi, I am a beginner as far as knitting goes and am not very good at reading patterns. Is the first row of the crown for the medium hat:

Knit 1 purl 1 eleven times.

K 1

Slip 2 knit wise, knit one, slip stitches over.

Knit 1 purl 1 four times.

Then start again with knit one purl one eleven times.

Many thanks, Sue

Correct!

Hello, This is what I did but at the end after doing k1p1 4 times then k1 I had 4 stitches left to work. I worked them as before p1k1p1k1. I ended up with 97 stitches. What did I do wrong? I don’t want to begin row 2 if row 1 isn’t right. Thank you!

Having four stitches left over would make me suspect the s2kp2 stitches. Make sure that you used 3 stitches that result in 1 when you make those stitches.

Thank you, if I didn’t do the stitches correctly I’m confused about why the number of stitches, 97, was right. Can you help me understand how that happened? I watched tutorials and slip 2 stitches knitwise then knit a stitch, then pass the two stitches I skipped back onto my left needle

Good point. You ended up with the correct number of stitches so you did the decreases correctly. So the problem is where the decreases are if you had 4 stitches left over after the repeats. Each repeat has 7 stitches, then the decrease and then 8 stitches. So looking across the row you should have 7 stitches, decrease, 15 stitches, decrease, 15 stitches, decrease, 15 stitches, decrease, 15 stitches, decrease, 15 stitches, decrease, 8 stitches, last knit stitch. This totals the 97 resulting stitches of the row.

Sorry I meant to say the two stitches I slipped not skipped.

Do I bind off after last row or thread the yarn thru the stitches while they are still on the needle? Then pulling the yarn so those remaining stitches of the piece get gathered together? Sorry, I have never made a hat before… Also how do you seam the side? Any special technique you recommend?

Thank you so much for this pattern. I have been wanting to make hats to donate and your pattern is making me brave enough to try it.

Sorry for the delay getting back to you on this. On the top stitches you do not bind them off but rather use a needle to pass the cut end of the yarn through all the loops and pull them together and secure them well. Here is a tutorial I found on side seaming: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=04v5N8kUGgo

Do you have a man’s beanie pattern using sport yarn?

I don’t but found this one: http://www.headhuggers.org/patterns/kpatt27.htm

thank you for the pattern mama

The XL hat for men. I have a grandson with a large head, what will it stretch to in inches? Thanks for this help. I can’t wait to start this hat.

It will comfortably stretch to 24″ and more.

Will you tell me what the medium adult hat will stretch to in inches?

About 22 inches.

I am going to use the XL pattern for my husband, but I am looking to work in 4k/4p rib is this still ok to follow the pattern as written with this change in rib size?

The crown is definitely written for the k1-p1 rib, but if you feel comfortable making the necessary adjustments (swapping k/p as needed) then it would work otherwise.

concerning the 12 month – row 5 does not make sense to me – the row calls for 37 stitches -but 8 times in 37 comes to 32 and then you do not have enough to finish the row- you have 5 stitches left over and it seems to me you need 9 more stitches to finish the row. please help “) (I am using straight needles)

On the twelve month size the instructions between the * are repeated 6 times. You begin Row 5 with 49 stitches on the needle. The s2kp2 stitch uses 3 stitches and produces 1 stitch. So the stitches between the * will use 8 stitches. These repeated 6 times and the extra stitch at the end will use 49 stitches which is what you should begin with. The s2kp2 will reduce the repeated section by 2, so the row will produce 6 stitches in the repeated section. This when repeated 6 times plus the extra stitch will result in 37 stitches after the row.

Thanks so much. I’ve been looking for a simple pattern like this (for straight needles) so I can use up some of my wool stash knitting for charity. It’s also nice and easy to knit during quiet times at work (night duty) when distractions can easily ruin a pattern.

Thank you so much for this pattern. I have been working on some charity knitting and I only had a couple women’s hat patterns I made. This is great, because it covers all the bases and is easy to follow.

Thank you so much for this pattern! I made such a cute little hat for my nephew- I customised it with a pom pom. Fingers crossed it fits him!

I must be missing something, please could you explain. Med adult crown Row 1 adds up to a lot more stiches than the 103 I started with

Row 1: * (k1, p1) 11 times, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 4 times *, k1 (97 stitches)

The (k1, p1) 11 times = 22 stitches

The k1 = 1 stitch

The s2kp2 uses 3 stitches

The (k1, p1) 4 times = 8 stitches

The total of this repeat is 22 + 1 + 3 + 8 = 34

For this row it is only repeated 3 times (subsequent rows are repeated 6 times). So 34 x 3 = 102 then an extra k1 at the end for the 103 stitches used. The s2kp2 reduces two stitches in each of the three repeats, so this results in 103 – 6 = 97 remaining stitches.

This is still very unclear because in one place you say you repeat it 4 times, but you can’t because you don’t have enough stitches left. I would edit the pattern and put the whole thing in parenthesis that says it only repeats 3 times, because the “4 times” piece of this tells a whole different story since nowhere do you explain that you are only repeating this all 3 times. I am not making the hat because I think knitting in the round is so much easier than doing seams, but I did like the basic stitch counts for all those sizes, so thank you for that–it will be very helpful.

# 3 times the whole line is missing in the pattern rows 1 and 2:

Medium Adult Crown:

Begin crown when body is 8″ high.

Row 1: * (k1, p1) 11 times, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 4 times 3 times *, k1 (97 stitches)

Row 2: p1, * (k1, p1) 4 times, p2, (k1, p1) 11 times 3 times * (97 stitches)

I completed looking at the medium crown pattern.

As I see it there were multipliers omitted from all reduction rows. as below:

Medium Adult Crown:

Begin crown when body is 8″ high.

Row 1: * (k1, p1) 11 times, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 4 times 3 times *, k1 (97 stitches)

Row 2: p1, * (k1, p1) 4 times, p2, (k1, p1) 11 times 3 times * (97 stitches)

Row 3: * (k1, p1) 3 times, k3tog, p1, (k1, p1) 6 times, s2kp2, p1, (k1, p1) 3 times 3 times *, k1 (85 stitches)

Row 4: p1, * k1, p1 * (85 stitches)

Row 5: * (k1, p1) 2 times, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 3 times 6 times*, k1 (73 stitches)

Row 6: p1, * (k1, p1) 3 times, p2, (k1, p1) 2 times 6 times * (73 stitches)

Row 7: * (k1,p1) 2 times, s2kp2, p1, (k1, p1) 2 times 5 times*, k1 (61 stitches)

Row 8: p1, * k1, p1 * (61 stitches)

Row 9: * k1, p1, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 2 times 6 times*, k1 (49 stitches)

Row 10: p1, * k1, p1, k1, p3, k1, p1 * (49 stitches)

Row 11: * k1, p1, s2kp2, p1, k1, p1 6 times *, k1 (37 stitches)

Row 12: p1, * k1, p1 * (37 stitches)

Row 13: * k1, s2kp2, k1, p1 6 times*, k1 (25 stitches)

Row 14: p1, * k1, p3 6 times * (25 stitches)

Row 15: * s2kp2, p1 4 times *, k1 (13 stitches)

Instead of repeating that language over and over, at the beginning of the pattern I state “Repeat instructions between * across the row:” so that the * designated areas have the same meaning throughout.

Hi found your pattern online as I was looking for a quick and easy knit for a child. Just knitted the 12 month size and can’t believe how quick it was and so easy to follow your pattern. I love it, thank you.

do you have instructions for knitting this hat in the round>

http://stitcheryprojects.com/2016/01/29/my-favorite-ribbed-hat/

Hi there, I’m making a hat for a toddler and I’m a little confused – for Row 1: is it k1 p1 8 times, k1 1 time, s2kp2 k1,p1 3 times, then k1 1 time – then start all over? or is it k1 p1 8 times, k1 1 time, s2kp2 3 k1, p1 3 times, k1 til the end? Thank you!

Complete all the directions between the *. Then repeat them all again and again until you come to the last stitch which is a k1.

Row 5: * k1, p1, k1, s2kp2, (k1, p1) 2 times *, k1 (49 stitches)

For this row I was wondering,

Is it k1,p1,k1,s2kp2,k1,p1 then repeat k1,p1,k1,s2kp2,k1,p1 then k1 or is it k1,p1,k1,s2kp2,k1,p1,k1,p1,k1,p1 then k1?

Complete these stitches – k1, p1, k1, s2kp2, k1, p1, k1, p1. Repeat the set again and again until the last stitch then k1.

I am making a todder size. Do I rib for 8 inches before shaping the crown?

I figured it out. The length is orinted on the top of shaping the crown in each size.

I enjoyed making this hat. Thank you

Hi,

When folding up the bottom of the hat, won’t the bottom appear the wrong way round? In the photo somehow your stitches on the bottom are the right way round…

I assume you are talking about the cast on row since the ribbing is reversible. I use a long tail cast on with ribbing and it never seems to have a clear front back look to it.

Looking for textured baby hat for straight needles

http://stitcheryprojects.com/2013/11/08/textured-baby-hats-for-straight-needles/

Thank you for the pattern. I am knitting for charity again so this is very helpful.

Hi there, I’m hoping to knit this with DK (8ply) wool (for 6 month size) – I am a beginner – would this require any adjustments?

If you have more stitches per the gauge you might need to make a larger size to get the 6 month size equivalent.

Sorry to ask but what does * mean in the pattern ?

Thanks Lynley

The stitches between the * are repeated across the row.

I haven’t started knitting this pattern as yet but it is great to have the pattern in so many sizes. Thank you so much….

Love this pattern. Have knitted 4 different sizes …new born, 6 months, small adult and large adult. I’m quite a loose knitter and used 4 ply wool. Just love how easy it was to make. I’ve never knitted a beanie before. Now I have 2 family members wanting one .

Thanks Mama x

Hello,

I would like to knit this hat for my adult daughter. She just sent me her head measurements. Will you please tell me what size hat I need to make for her?

24 inches around her head and from the crown to the ear is 8 inches

I appreciate your help!

Betty

I would recommend the largest size.

Hello, Thanks to all of your patience and help, I have finally been able to complete the hat. It turned out very nicely and I found lifelines true life savers when knitting the crown part. I decided to do the medium size because I knit loosely and the yarn I used has a good bit of stretch. I understand how to close the top of the hat with the darning needle, but I don’t understand how to seam up the back so that when the cuff is turned up the seam won’t show. Can you explain how to do that? When seaming the back do I begin at the edge or at the crown of the hat? Thank you again for helping me!

What I do with a hat with a turned up edge is stitch with the seam to the inside until I’m getting to close to what will be the edge once turned up, then switch and sew the seam on the outside. Then when it’s flipped up you won’t see the seam.

Can this be knitted in dk? What would be the differences I’d need to make?

Just making the next size larger should be adjustment enough.

I have really bulky wool I’m using 10mm needles and I’m wondering if there’s any way to modify this pattern to suit a medium sized hat ?

I think if you cast on for a newborn size it will work out to a medium with that yarn and needles.

Hi,

I decided to knit this pattern but I have a question, can you slip the end stitches or do you have to knit/purl all the way to the end?

Thank you!

I’m sorry it took me so long to reply. You can slip the end stitches.

Hello, I am working based on the XL dimensions you gave. However I believe I must be missing something as I am uncertain how to finish working the first row of the crown. I followed the instructions as given and ended up with an extra 3 stitches after the final k1.

While working that round make sure your s2kp2 stitches use three stitches from the prior row. Also make sure your knits are being made into knits and the purls into purls.

My s2kp2 is using three stitches, my knits are knits and the purls are purls.

Maybe my math is wrong, but how many times were we supposed to repeat the pattern between asterisks, because I don’t understand how I am supposed to go from 109 stitches to 97.

I’m so sorry I’ve taken so long to respond. I think the best way to stay on track with repeats like these is to use stitch markers between repeats. The hat has six repeats and an extra stitch. For the cast on of 109 this is a repeat of 18 six times and the extra stitch. On Row 1, each repeat is reducing 2 stitches with the s2kp2, so each repeat will go from 18 to 16 stitches, finishing with 16×6+1=97 stitches.

Used your pattern to knit my first hat ever! Gifted it to my dad for Christmas and he loved it! Thank you so much

Can’t wait to figure out how to knit in the round next!

This is one of the best & useful patterns I’ve found..

> If it’s being worn as a beanie & no rolled edge,

can we start with about 5 to 6 inches of ribbed knit

instead of 8-1/2, then begin the reduction rounds?

Yes, that’s right, because the extra length was to allow for the flipped up brim.

So far, so good on the small adult hat. Now I am to the crown part and cannot come up with the required 85 stitches from the 97 I began with.

Do I do the *(k1, p1) 3 times, k3tog, p1, (k1, p1). 3 times* all the way across the row…I’m a little confused.

Yes, repeat those stitches between the * across the row. You will work those sections between * 6 times across. You should then have one stitch left for that last knit.